Teacher‑Reported Prevalence of FASD in Kindergarten in Canada: Association with Child Development and Problems at Home

Jacqueline Pei · Caroline Reid‑Westoby · Ayesha Siddiqua · Yomna Elshamy  · Devyn Rorem · Teresa Bennett · Catherine Birken · Rob Coplan · Eric Duku · Mark A. Ferro · Barry Forer · Stelios Georgiades · Jan Willem Gorter · Martin Guhn · Jonathon Maguire · Heather Manson · Rob Santos · Marni Brownell · Magdalena Janus


The prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) may be underestimated as it can be difcult to diagnose in early childhood possibly refecting unique developmental trajectories relative to other Neurodevelopmental Disabilities (NDDs).

Using data collected via the Early Development Instrument (EDI) between 2010 and 2015, we examined the prevalence of kindergarten children with FASD and their concurrent developmental outcomes.

We found that the prevalence of FASD ranged from 0.01 to 0.31%. A greater percentage of children with FASD had teacher-reported home problems that interfered with their classroom functioning. Overall children with FASD had higher mean scores on the developmental domains compared to children with NDDs.

Results of the current study can inform strategies and policies for early identifcation and intervention.

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