Date: Tuesday April 4th, 2017
Location: Catholic Social Services – 10320 146 Street
Supports and Services Meeting: 8:30 – 9:30 am, AGENDA
- Call to order
- Approval last meeting minutes
- Short-Term Crisis Intervention Worker
- Program Updates
EFAN Society Meeting: 9:30 – 11:30 am, AGENDA
- Call to order
- Approval last meeting minutes
- New Research
- Council, Interagency, Committee Updates
- Program Updates
Click to download agenda: EFAN Agenda April 2017
Fetal alcohol syndrome or FAS in babies and children is the direct fallout of maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy. It manifests in the form of genetic anomalies, permanent brain damage, prenatal or postnatal growth restriction, abnormal facial features or bone growth. While FAS is incurable, early diagnosis, intervention treatment services may help.
All About Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
- FAS Is The Most Severe Form Of FASD
- Alcohol Consumption During Pregnancy Is The Only Cause
- There Is No Cure, But Early Diagnosis And Treatment Services Can Help Better Affected Child’s Life
It is a no-brainer that you shouldn’t mix pregnancy and alcohol. They just don’t go together. In fact, study data suggests that alcohol actually thwarts your efforts to get pregnant.
More than 50 percent reduction in the probability of conception during a menstrual cycle has been observed in women who consumed alcohol. Additionally, caffeine consumption amplifies the effects of alcohol all the more in such cases.1
Alcohol consumption before and during pregnancy is also linked to low birth weight. According to a study involving 263 women who delivered live children, consuming an average of one ounce of absolute alcohol daily before pregnancy was associated with an average decrease in birth weight of 91 grams in the infant. When the same amount was consumed in late pregnancy, it led to a decrease of 160 grams in the infant’s body weight on birth.2
Furthermore, alcohol consumption before conception and during pregnancy is also linked to an increased risk of deadly diseases such as childhood leukemia.3
It’s no surprise then that the first thing that any doctor would tell you when you plan a baby is to stop indulging in alcoholic beverages (in addition to starting you on prenatals). But the alcohol-related birth defect you need to be concerned about the most is fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), which is estimated to affect 119,000 children every year.4
What Is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome?
When you are pregnant and consume alcohol, it can easily pass on to your unborn baby through the placenta. This is what causes fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), the most severe and visibly recognizable form of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). The range of disorders under the FASD umbrella include fetal alcohol syndrome, partial fetal alcohol syndrome, alcohol-related birth defects, alcohol-related neurodevelopment disorder, and neurobehavioral disorder associated with prenatal alcohol exposure.
Fetal alcohol syndrome is linked to a wide range of effects including permanent brain damage, genetic anomalies, prenatal or postnatal growth restriction. The most visible manifestation of FAS is certain characteristic dysmorphic facial features such as a small head, a smooth ridge between the upper lip and nose, small and wide-set eyes, extremely thin upper lip or other unusual facial features, below average height and weight, as well as deformed limbs or fingers. These, along with cognitive, behavioral, emotional, and adaptive functioning deficits are some of the signs of fetal alcohol syndrome in babies and children.5
Babies with FAS may also exhibit minor anomalies of the heart and external genitalia.6 They may have lifelong implications of the disease if they have neurodevelopmental impairments associated with it. It can lead to substantial secondary disabilities like academic failure, substance abuse, mental health issues, contact with law enforcement, failure to live independently and procure and maintain jobs.7
What Causes It?
Alcohol use during pregnancy is the only cause of fetal alcohol syndrome. About 10 percent of women around the world consume alcohol during pregnancy and one in 67 women deliver a child with FAS. The only silver lining is that not every woman who consumes alcohol during pregnancy will give birth to a baby with fetal alcohol syndrome. According to a study of WHO member states, the rate of this syndrome is recorded to be the highest in the European region and lowest in countries of the eastern Mediterranean region and southeast Asian region.8
The pattern, amount or critical period of prenatal exposure to alcohol leading to the development of FAS is still not clear. However, some other factors that might influence an unborn baby’s susceptibility to the detrimental effects of alcohol also need to be considered. These include variability in the metabolism and genetic background of both mother and fetus, environmental factors, maternal smoking, nutritional status, stress levels and even the father’s lifestyle.9
Interestingly, a study of South African women observed that mothers of children with a fetal alcohol syndrome disorder are less likely to be married and more likely to have a male partner who drank during the pregnancy. The study also exhibited that the blood alcohol concentrations of mothers who gave birth to babies with fetal alcohol syndrome were higher than those who gave birth to those with partial fetal alcohol syndrome.10
Can FAS Be Treated?
The only way to protect your child from fetal alcohol syndrome is to completely abstain from alcohol during the entire course of the pregnancy. If you have a problem with alcohol, it is best to consult a doctor before planning a baby. If you consumed alcohol when you weren’t aware of your pregnancy, make sure you let your ob-gyn know all the details.
While there is no cure for any of the fetal alcohol syndrome disorders, research suggests that early diagnosis and intervention treatment services can make the affected child’s life a lot better. Special education and social services and support from a loving and nurturing family can make a big difference. Medical professionals like mental health specialists, speech therapists, and physical therapists may be able to help in making affected children as independent as possible. Behavior and education therapy, as well as medications like stimulants, may be employed to improve certain symptoms of fetal alcohol syndrome.11
Retrieved from: http://www.curejoy.com/content/fetal-alcohol-syndrome/
Mark your calendars for these upcoming FASD relevant events! Click on each picture for more information.
The FASD Network of Saskatchewan is hosting “Challenge the Conversation” this week. Please leave us a comment about your experiences and conversations if you’re attending this event. We’d love to hear from you!
The 22nd Annual National Supported Employment Conference is May 30 to June, 2017. CanFASD researchers are attending this conference and we will share what we learn on the blog. We’re looking forward to learning about tangible strategies for supporting successful employment as well as advances to the Collective Impact Framework priority areas that were developed at last year’s CASE conference.
Collective Impact is defined as the commitment of a group of actors from different sectors to a common agenda for solving a specific social problem, using a structured form of collaboration. The concept of collective impact hinges on the idea that complex social problems are beyond the capacity of any one sector, working alone, to effectively address them. In order to create lasting solutions to such social problems on a large-scale, a coordinated effort is needed across multiple sectors willing to work together towards a clearly defined goal. From the CASE Conference, held in Edmonton, Alberta in June, 2016 there were six clear priority areas identified by delegates of this event. These are areas where continued dialogue within a Collective Impact Framework improvement is perceived to have the potential to leverage greater outcomes.
The 2017 National FASD Conference will be in Calgary on October 24 -27, 2017. The Government of Alberta will be hosting this event on behalf of the Canada Northwest FASD Partnership (CNFASDP) and the Alberta FASD Cross-Ministry Committee. It will combine the CNFASDP and the annual Alberta FASD Conferences.
The call for abstracts is open until April 5, 2017 and registration for the conference opens in May 2017.
CanFASD presented a poster at the 2017 Early Years Conference and we’re looking forward to the 2018 conference.
Recommendations surrounding women’s health before, during, and after pregnancy haven’t always been straightforward or easy to digest. Prime example: Whether or not it’s safe to drink during pregnancy and how much? To take a closer look at what’s really going on, Katherine Hartmann, M.D., Ph.D., deputy director of the Institute for Medicine and Public Health at Vanderbilt University, went searching for answers—real numbers indicating whether women, specifically newly pregnant women, were actually pouring themselves that glass of red wine.
Hartmann’s research, which was published in the April 2017 issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology, comes after a public firestorm arose when the CDC issued a new recommendation that all women who are planning a pregnancy or not using reliable contraception should abstain from alcohol use entirely. That’s a pretty sweeping call-to-action, considering there are 61 million American women of reproductive age, and about 43 million are considered to be “potentially at…
View original post 272 more words
An estimated 3.3 million women between the ages of 15 and 44 years are at risk of exposing their developing baby to alcohol because they are drinking, sexually active, and not using birth control to prevent pregnancy, according to the latest CDC Vital Signs report released today. The report also found that 3 in 4 women who want to get pregnant as soon as possible do not stop drinking alcohol when they stop using birth control.
Alcohol use during pregnancy, even within the first few weeks and before a woman knows she is pregnant, can cause lasting physical, behavioral, and intellectual disabilities that can last for a child’s lifetime. These disabilities are known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs). There is no known safe amount of alcohol – even beer or wine – that is safe for a woman to drink at any stage of pregnancy.
“Alcohol can permanently harm a developing baby before a woman knows she is pregnant,” said CDC Principal Deputy Director Anne Schuchat, M.D. “About half of all pregnancies in the United States are unplanned, and even if planned, most women won’t know they are pregnant for the first month or so, when they might still be drinking. The risk is real. Why take the chance?”
Healthcare providers should advise women who want to become pregnant to stop drinking alcohol as soon as they stop using birth control. Most women don’t know they are pregnant until they are four to six weeks into the pregnancy and could unknowingly be exposing their developing baby to alcohol. FASDs are completely preventable if a woman does not drink alcohol during pregnancy.
For this Vital Signs report, scientists from CDC’s National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities analyzed data from the 2011–2013 National Survey of Family Growth, which gathers information on family life, marriage, divorce, pregnancy, infertility, use of birth control, and men’s and women’s health. National estimates of alcohol-exposed pregnancy were calculated among 4,303 non-pregnant, non-sterile women ages 15–44 years. A woman was considered to be at risk for an alcohol-exposed pregnancy if in the past month she was not sterile, her partner was not known to be sterile, she had vaginal sex with a male, drank any alcohol, and did not use birth control. A woman was considered to be trying to get pregnant if a desired pregnancy was the reason she and her partner stopped using contraception.
Overall, 3.3 million US women (7.3 percent of women ages 15–44 who were having sex, who were non-pregnant and non-sterile) were at risk of exposing their developing baby to alcohol if they were to become pregnant.
“Every woman who is pregnant or trying to get pregnant – and her partner – want a healthy baby. But they may not be aware that drinking any alcohol at any stage of pregnancy can cause a range of disabilities for their child,” said Coleen Boyle, Ph.D., director of CDC’s National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities. “It is critical for healthcare providers to assess a woman’s drinking habits during routine medical visits; advise her not to drink at all if she is pregnant, trying to get pregnant or sexually active and not using birth control; and recommend services if she needs help to stop drinking.”
CDC works to prevent alcohol-exposed pregnancies and FASDs through a variety of activities including:
- Tracking alcohol use among women of reproductive age in the United States;
- Supporting the implementation of evidence-based interventions to reduce risky alcohol use and alcohol-exposed pregnancies, including through alcohol screening and brief intervention and the CHOICES program;
- Collaborating with FASD Practice and Implementation Centers and national partners to promote practice changes among healthcare providers in the prevention, identification, and management of FASDs;
- Promoting effective interventions for children, adolescents, and young adults living with FASDs and their families; and
- Offering FASD-related educational information and materials for women of reproductive age, healthcare providers, and the general public.
For more information about alcohol use during pregnancy and FASDs, please visit www.cdc.gov/fasd.
The first of this year’s Community Care Live events will be held in Manchester on 25 and 26 April. The programme offers lots of training, masterclasses, and practical support for social workers working in adults’ services. Here are five top reasons you should attend…
Get prepared for attending a Court of Protection hearing
On day one, Sam Karim, a barrister at Kings Chambers, will be delivering a session on preparing for and attending the Court of Protection. The court oversees deprivation of liberty, so most adults’ social workers will work with it at some point.
The session will include an introduction to the Court of Protection, how to prepare oral and written evidence for the court, including case records and statements, as well as some insight on what the judges want to see from social workers.
Learn how to recognise Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder in adults
Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) – a lifelong intellectual disability caused by prenatal alcohol consumption – is often overlooked in adult social care.
Attend this session on day one to find out what vulnerabilities arise from the disorder and how best adults with FASD can be supported. The session will also cover what the safeguarding issues can be when working with an adult with FASD.
The speaker is Joanne Buckard, director of Red Balloon training and consultancy.
Hear the key messages from recent deprivation of liberty cases
Social workers can get up to speed on the latest case law relating to deprivation of liberty with Mathieu Culverhouse, associate solicitor at Irwin Mitchell.
Mathieu will also explain what the latest court rulings mean for social work practice, including the key messages from the recent Staffordshire County Council v. SRK case on deprivation of liberty and private care packages.
Enhance the way you ask questions about attachment relationships
This session will provide an introduction to the Adult Attachment Interview, the gold-standard tool for assessing attachment strategies in adults. Its use is usually beyond the scope of most social work roles, so come along to learn more about how you ask questions about attachment relationships and listen to patterns of speech.
Speakers Lydia Guthrie and Clark Baim of Change Point learning will also share transcripts and audio clips of adults’ speech to show the use of secure and insecure attachment strategies. The session takes place at 2pm on day two.
Learn how to make defensible and effective section 42 enquiries
The Care Act 2014 placed adult safeguarding on a statutory footing for the first time. Under the legislation, councils must make enquiries to establish if action is needed to prevent abuse, harm, neglect or self-neglect of adults with care and support needs.
As well as a discussion on defining the scope of a section 42 adult safeguarding enquiry, this session will provide social workers with advice on working with the police and handling the issues around information sharing and consent.
Check out the Community Care Live programme to see what else is on offer.