Branton E, Thompson-Hodgetts S, Johnston D, Gross DP, Pritchard L. Motor skills and intelligence in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2022 Feb 15. doi: 10.1111/dmcn.15175. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35170025.
Aim: To determine the relationship between motor abilities and intelligence in children and young people with prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) being assessed for fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD).
Method: This was a cross-sectional correlational study of children and young people with PAE being assessed for FASD. The relationship between motor abilities (Movement Assessment Battery for Children, Second Edition) and intelligence (Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Fourth or Fifth Edition) was calculated using correlation and regression analyses. Attention and executive function were considered as potential confounding variables.
Results: The relationship between motor abilities and intelligence in 73 children and young people (48 males, 25 females; aged 6-17y, mean age 10y 5mo [SD 2y 9mo]) assessed for FASD was small and statistically non-significant (r=0.05, p=0.67).
Interpretation: The findings confirm that motor abilities and intelligence should be assessed separately when investigating an FASD diagnosis. Intelligence scores should not be used to estimate motor abilities, nor should they dictate when motor testing be completed. Assessing intelligence and motor domains separately will enhance diagnostic accuracy, identify the need for strategies or interventions to address functional motor skills, and further define the role of physiotherapy and occupational therapy in FASD assessment and intervention.
Retrieved from https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35170025/