This site introduces the neurobehavioural difficulties that may appear throughout the lifespan of individuals with FASD. It is important to recognize that, being a spectrum disorder, FASD can look different for different individuals. Not all individuals with FASD will experience all of the issues presented here. However, this site summarizes the common neurobehavioural features of FASD found in current research. The problems presented on this site are not necessarily gender-specific.
HOW DOES FASD AFFECT THIS AREA?
Typically developing babies will usually have developed the skills needed for breast feeding by 6 weeks of age. Researchers have shown that infants with FASD are more likely to have feeding difficulties, and are more likely to be hospitalized because they are unable to gain weight. When using a bottle, a textured nipple might help the infant become more aware of the nipple and facilitate feeding.
Eating issues may continue into childhood. In younger children, this might look like gorging or starving, picky eating, and forgetting to eat. When starting out with solid food it is advised to start with neutral foods in smaller amounts and more frequently throughout the day. Older children also might overeat, not feel full, or forget to eat. Some researchers have found that these eating issues might get better as the child gets older. Reducing distractions may help them focus on the feeding.
Infants with FASD often have a weak suckle and do not have the coordination needed to breast feed. Sensory issues can contribute to feeding problems. A child with FASD might find some foods too flavourful (they may be hypersensitive to taste) or want much more flavour added, such as salt or spice (they may be hyposensitive to taste).
WHAT MIGHT HAPPEN WITH THE RIGHT INTERVENTION?